4 Common Gynaecological Conditions Treated At Clinics

4 Common Gynaecological Conditions Treated At Clinics

Gynaecological health is vital for women of all ages, addressing a range of conditions that can affect reproductive health and overall well-being. Clinics specializing in gynaecology provide essential care and treatment for various issues that women may encounter throughout their lives. Below are some of the most common gynaecological conditions treated at a gynaecology clinic in Dubai:

Menstrual disorders:

Menstrual disorders encompass a range of irregularities in the menstrual cycle, affecting millions of women worldwide. Conditions like dysmenorrhea (painful periods), menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding), and amenorrhea (absence of periods) can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life. Gynaecologists evaluate these disorders through detailed medical histories, physical exams, and sometimes imaging studies or blood tests to determine the underlying cause. Treatment options vary depending on the diagnosis and may include medication, hormonal therapy, or surgical intervention in severe cases.

Urinary incontinence:

Urinary incontinence, particularly prevalent among older women but not limited to them, involves the unintentional leakage of urine. This condition can result from weakened pelvic floor muscles, nerve damage, or other underlying health issues. Gynaecologists assess the type and severity of incontinence through physical examinations, bladder diaries, and sometimes urodynamic testing. Treatment strategies may include pelvic floor exercises (Kegel exercises), lifestyle modifications, medications, or in some cases, surgical procedures to strengthen the pelvic floor or correct anatomical abnormalities.

Pelvic organ prolapse:

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs (such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum) descend from their normal positions and bulge into the vaginal canal due to weakened pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. Symptoms can include pelvic pressure, urinary difficulties, and discomfort during intercourse. Gynaecologists diagnose prolapse through pelvic examinations and may use imaging studies for a more detailed assessment. Treatment options range from conservative measures such as pelvic floor exercises and supportive devices (pessaries) to surgical repair, depending on the severity of the prolapse and the patient’s preferences.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):

PCOS is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age, characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess androgen levels (male hormones), and ovarian cysts. It can lead to fertility issues, weight gain, and increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular problems. Diagnosis involves a combination of medical history, physical exams, blood tests, and ultrasound imaging. Treatment aims to manage symptoms and reduce long-term health risks through lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), medications to regulate menstrual cycles and hormone levels, and fertility treatments if pregnancy is desired.